cerdic and cynric

Cerdic (kûr`dĭk, sûr`–), d. 534, traditional founder of the kingdom of Wessex.A Saxon, he and his son Cynric landed on the southern coast of England in 495. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Cerdic, along with his son Cynric, came to Britain in 495. It is possible this 6th century battle resulted in the demarcation of the early border of Cerdic's realm. Natanleaga is commonly identified as Netley Marsh in Hampshire and Cerdicesleag as Charford (Cerdic's Ford[20]). This year Cerdic and Cynric undertook the government of the West-Saxons; the same year they fought with the Britons at a place now called Charford. [4][5] According to the chronicle, the two are described as aristocratic "aldormen" but only assumed rule over the Gewissae (as the West Saxons were known before the late 7th century) in 519. Five years later, in 519, Cerdic and Cynric undertook the government of Wessex and fought with the Britons at Charford and took the title of King. 593) was a King of Wessex. At the time of the Saxon invasions, Old Sarum fell to King Cynric of Wessex in 552. He and Cynric were depicted as Saxon invaders, and were killed, respectively, by Arthur and Lancelot at the Battle of Badon Hill (Mons Badonicus). David Dumville has suggested that Cerdic's true This year Cerdic and Cynric fought with the Britons in the place that is called Cerdic's-ley. J.N.L. The conquest of the Isle of Wightis mentioned among his campaigns, and it later was given to his kinsmen Stuf and Wihtgar (who s… Cerdic went on to slew Natanleod, a British king, along with the king's men. He is the son of Cerdic, the leader of the Saxons invading Britain. However, though claimed as the founder of Wessex by later West Saxon kings, he would have been known to contemporaries as king of the Gewissae, a folk or tribal group. And afterwards, the land was called Natan laga up to Cerdices ford. This year Cerdic and Cynric fought with the Britons in the place that is called Cerdic's-ley. Kenneth Sisam has shown that this pedigree resulted from a process of elaboration upon a root pedigree borrowed from the kings of Bernicia, and hence before Cerdic himself it has no historical basis. He is portrayed by Til Schweiger, who also played Cagliostro. As such he may well have been entrusted in the last days of Roman, or sub-Roman authority with its defence. However, the Genealogical Regnal List that served as preface to the Chronicle manuscripts instead interposes a generation between them, indicating that Cerdic was father of Creoda and grandfather of Cynric.[25]. His origin, ethnicity, and even his very existence have been extensively disputed. It looks very much as if a hint is being conveyed that Cerdic and his people owed their standing to having been already concerned with administrative affairs under Roman authority on this part of the Saxon Shore. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle describes Cerdic and Cynric with five ships landing in the area around Southampton in 495. Cerdic was the primary antagonist of the 2004 film King Arthur. Cynric is the secondary antagonist in the 2004 movie King Arthur. Cynric was portrayed by Til Schweiger. From the northern side, Cerdic, Cynric and his men only hear the screams of the dying men, then silence. This year Cerdic and Cynric slew a British king, whose name was Natanleod, and five thousand men with him. Than Cerdic and Cynric, who sailed o'er the waters Valiant, invincible vikings and sea-dogs Seeking adventure. A.D. 527. Cynric /ˈkɪnˌrɪtʃ/ was King of Wessex from 534 to 560. In 519 AD Cerdic and Cynric fought the Britons at ' Cerdicesford ' (Certiceford) and from that day on ruled the West Saxons. [5] According to the Brittonic origin hypothesis, Cerdic is derived from the British name *Caratīcos or *Corotīcos. Descent from Cerdic became a necessary qualification for later kings of Wessex, and he was claimed ancestor of Ecgberht, King of Wessex, progenitor of the English royal house and subsequent rulers of England and Britain. [21] David Dumville has suggested that Cerdic's true regnal dates are 538–554. Stevenson, W.H. Cerdic is said by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have died in 534, succeeded by his son Cynric. This year Cerdic and Cynric took the isle of Wight,and slew many men in Carisbrook. Cynric : He speaks the truth, Father. War leader and king. Papers in Honour of Ken Annable. Cynric, king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (from 534). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the earliest source for Cerdic, was put together in the late ninth century; though it probably does record the extant tradition of the founding of Wessex, the intervening 400 years mean that the account cannot be assumed to be accurate. [4], The name Cerdic is thought by most scholars to be Brittonic – a form of the name Ceretic – rather than Germanic in origin. They played a key role in leading the Saxon tribes in conquering Britain in the sixth century AD. [1] [2] From this, one can estimate that Cynric was at least 18. thus born no later than 477. "A.D. 519. After this was the land named Netley, from him, as far as Charford. During his reign it is said that the Saxons expanded into Wiltshire against strong resistance and captured Searobyrig or Ol… This implies that Cynric was not a royal leader, and he and his father were only elevated to kingship when they allegedly conquered the heartlands of the future Wessex. Little is certain about him except that later West Saxon kings traced their descent from him through his son Cynric and his grandson Ceawlin. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle describes Cerdic and Cynric with five ships landing in the area around Southampton in 495. In 556, he and his son Ceawlin won a battle against the Britons at Beranburh, now identified as Barbury Castle. This visibly disturbs Cynric, but Cerdic shows no emotion. Cerdic is the main antagonist in the 2004 live action film King Arthur. For two British kings with a similar name, see. British History Online, Victoria County History, North Charford with South Charford, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle which says he and his son arrived in Hampshire, at, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cerdic_of_Wessex&oldid=1000584735, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 19:22. The hamlets of North and South Charford in the New Forest occupy a strategic position near the Hampshire Avon. [10][11] This view is supported by the potentially non-Germanic names of some of his descendants including Ceawlin, Cedda and Caedwalla. Howorth, H.H., "The Beginnings of Wessex", Eagles, B., 2001. A theory specifically identifies the site of the landing, at Cerdicesora, as Christchurch Harbour so that the axis of penetration was along the Avon. Cerdic's father, Elesa, has been identified by some scholars with the Romano-Briton Elasius, the "chief of the region", met by Germanus of Auxerre. Myres noted that when Cerdic and Cynric first appear in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in s.a. 495 they are described as ealdormen, which at that point in time was a … There, he is stated to have been the son of Cerdic, who is considered the founder of the kingdom of Wessex. He may have been the son of Cynric of Wessex and the grandson of Cerdic of Wessex, whom the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle represents as the leader of the first group of Saxons to come to the land which later became Wessex. During his reign, as described in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Saxons expanded into Wiltshire against strong resistance and captured Searobyrig, or Old Sarum, near Salisbury, in 552. A.D. 530 . This cannot be the case if Dumville is correct, and others assign this battle to Ælle or another Saxon leader, so it appears likely that the origins of the kingdom of Wessex are more complex than the version provided by the surviving traditions. He may have been the son of Cynric of Wessex and the grandson of Cerdic of Wessex, whom the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle represents as the leader of the first group of Saxons to come to the land which later became Wessex. [16] Myres remarks that. Anglo-Saxon presence and culture in Wiltshire c. AD 450-c. 675. "Cerdic and Cynric obtained the kingdom of the West Saxons". Cynric his son succeeded to the government, and reigned afterwards twenty-six winters'. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles are manuscripts first begun in the late 9th century CE under the reign of Alfred the Great (849-899 CE). scipum in þone stede þe is gecueden Cerdicesora 7 þy ilcan dæge gefuhtun wiþ Walum. The problems with reliabilility of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicleshave been noted by many historians over the centuries and, chief among these difficulties, is that the entries (recorded in one or two lines per event per year) provide little detail … In 519 he and his son defeated Britons at Cerdices ford and took Wessex. [17], Cerdic's father Elesa has been identified by some scholars with the Romano-British Elasius, the "chief of the region", met by Germanus of Auxerre.[18][19]. Everything known about him comes from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. He … Once through the gates, they too see no enemies, only the corpses of their fallen men. Their three ships landed at Cerdices ora fought the Britons there on the same day. [7] If these dates are accurate, then it is unlikely that the earlier entries in the Chronicle, starting with his arrival in Britain with his father Cerdic in 495, are correct. Sisam, Kenneth, "Anglo-Saxon Royal Genealogies". 519. Additional Saxons came ashore in Wessex in 514, in 3 ships. In: Ellis, P D.;, ed. He is said to have fought a Brittonic king named Natanleod at Natanleaga and killed him 13 years later (in 508) and to have fought at Cerdicesleag in 519. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Cerdic landed in what is today Hampshire in 495 with his son Cynric in five ships. David Dumville has suggested that his true regnal dates are 554–581. Wiltshire Archaeological Society, pp. By some accounts he also reigned jointly (519–534) with his grandfather (or father? The West Saxons came to Britain with three ships, in the place which is called Cerdicies ora; Stuf and Wihtgar fought against the Britons, and put them to flight. 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